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      新东方网>英语>英语学习>行业英语>法律英语>正文

      诉讼法律英语词汇

      2012-04-18 10:27

      来源:外语教育网

      作者:

        案件 case

        案件发回 remand/rimit a case (to a low court)

        案件名称 title of a case

        案卷材料 materials in the case

        案情陈述书 statement of case

        案外人 person other than involved in the case

        案值 total value involved in the case

        败诉方 losing party

        办案人员 personnel handling a case

        保全措施申请书 application for protective measures

        报案 report a case (to security authorities)

        被告 defendant; the accused

        被告人最后陈述 final statement of the accused

        被告向原告第二次答辩 rejoinder

        被害人 victim

        被害人的诉讼代理人 victim's agent ad litem

        被上诉人 respondent; the appellee

        被申请人 respondent

        被申请执行人 party against whom execution is filed

        被执行人 person subject to enforcement

        本诉 principal action

        必要共同诉讼人 party in necessary co-litigation

        变通管辖 jurisdiction by accord

        辩护 defense

        辩护律师 defense attorney/lawyer

        辩护人 defender

        辩护证据 exculpatory evidence; defense evidence

        辩论阶段 stage of court debate

        驳回反诉 dismiss a counterclaim; reject a counterclaim

        驳回请求 deny/dismiss a motion

        驳回上诉、维持原判 reject/dismiss the appeal and sustain the original judgement/ruling

        驳回诉讼 dismiss an action/suit

        驳回通知书 notice of dismissal

        驳回自诉 dismiss/reject a private prosecution

        驳回自诉裁定书 ruling of dismissing private-prosecuting case

        补充答辩 supplementary answer

        补充判决 supplementary judgement

        补充侦查 supplementary investigation

        不公开审理 trial in camera

        不立案决定书 written decision of no case-filing

        不批准逮捕决定书 written decision of disapproving an arrest

        不起诉 nol pros

        不予受理起诉通知书 notice of dismissal of accusation by the court

        财产保全申请书 application for attachment; application for property preservation

        裁定 order; determination (指最终裁定)

        裁定管辖 jurisdiction by order

        裁定书 order; ruling

        裁决书 award

        采信的证据 admitted evidence

        查封 seal up

        撤回上诉 withdraw appeal

        撤诉 withdraw a lawsuit

        撤销立案 revoke a case placed on file

        撤销原判,发回重审 rescind the original judgement and remand the case ro the original court for retrial

        出示的证据 exhibit

        除权判决 invalidating judgement (for negotiable instruments)

        传唤 summon; call

        传闻证据 hearsay

        答辩 answer; reply

        答辩陈述书 statement of defence

        答辩状 answer; reply

        大法官 associate justices; justice

        大检察官 deputy chief procurator

        代理控告 agency for accusation

        代理申诉 agency for appeal

        代理审判员 acting judge

        代为申请取保候审 agency for application of the bail pending trial with restricted liberty of moving

        弹劾式诉讼 accusatory procedure

        当事人陈述 statement of the parties

        当庭宣判 pronouncement of judgement or sentence in court

        地区管辖 territorial jurisdiction

        地区检察分院 inter-mediate People's Procuratorate

        第三人 third party

        调查笔录 record of investigation

        定期宣判 pronouncement of judgement or sentence later on a fixed date

        定罪证据 incriminating evidence; inculpatory evidence

        冻结 freeze

        督促程序 procedure of supervision and urge

        独任庭 sole-judge bench

        独任仲裁员 sole arbitrator

        对妨碍民事诉讼的强制措施 compulsory measures against impairment of civil action

        对席判决 judgement inter parties

        二审 trial of second instance

        二审案件 case of trial of second insurance

        罚款 impose a fine

        法定证据 statutory legal evidence

        法定证据制度 system of legal evidence

        法官 judges

        法警 bailiff; court police

        法律文书 legal instruments/papers

        法律援助 legal aid

        法律咨询 legal consulting

        法庭辩论 court debate

        法庭调查 court investigation

        法庭审理笔录 court record

        法庭审理方式 mode of court trial

        法庭庭长 chief judge of a tribunal

        法院 court

        法院公告 court announcement

        反诉 counterclaim

        反诉答辩状 answer with counterclaim

        反诉状 counterclaim

        犯罪嫌疑人 criminal suspect

        附带民事诉讼案件 a collateral civil action

        附带民事诉讼被告 defendant of collateral civil action

        复查 reexamination; recheck

        复验 reinspect

        高级法官 senior judge

        高级检察官 senior procurator

        高级人民法院 Higher People's Court

        告诉案件 case of complaint

        告诉才处理的案件 case accepted at complaint

        告诉申诉庭 complaint and petition division

        工读学校 work-study school for delinquent children

        公安部 Ministry of Public Security

        公安分局 public security sub-bureau

        公安厅 public security bureau at the levels of provinces, autonomous regions and cities under direct jurisdiction of central government

        公开审理 trial in public

        公开审判制度 open trial system

        公示催告程序 procedure of public summons for exhortation

        公诉案件 public-prosecuting case

        公诉词 statement of public prosecution

        公证机关 public notary office

        共同管辖 concurrent jurisdiction

        管辖 jurisdiction

        国际司法协助 international judicial assistance

        海事法院 maritime court

        合议庭 collegial panel

        合议庭评议笔录 record of deliberating by the collegiate bench

        和解 composition; compromise

        核对诉讼当事人身份 check identity of litigious parties

        恢复执行 resumption of execution

        回避 withdrawal

        混合式诉讼 mixed action

        基层人民法院 basic People's Court

        羁押期限 term in custody

        级别管辖 subject matter jurisdiction of courts at different levels

        监视居住 living at home under surveillance

        监狱 prison

        检察官 procurator

        检察权 prosecutorial power

        检察委员会 procuratorial/prosecutorial committee

        检察院 procuratorate

        检察院派出机构 outpost tribunal of procuratorate

        简易程序 summary procedure

        鉴定结论 expert conclusion

        经济审判庭 economic tribunal

        径行判决 direct adjudication without sessions; judgement without notice

        纠问式诉讼 inquisitional proceedings

        拘传 summon by force; summon by warrant

        拘留所 detention house

        举报 information/report of an offence

        举证责任 burden of proof; onus probandi

        决定书 decision

        军事法院 military procuratorate

        开庭审理 open a court session

        开庭通知 notice of court session

        勘验笔录 record of inquest

        看守所 detention house

        可执行财产 executable property

        控告式诉讼 accusatory proceedings

        控诉证据 incriminating evidence

        控诉职能 accusation function

        扣押 distrain on; attachment

        扣押物 distress/distraint

        宽限期 period of grace

        劳动争议仲裁申请书 petition for labor dispute arbitration

        劳改场 reform-through-labor farm

        劳教所 reeducation-through-labor office

        类推判决的核准程序 procedure for examination and approval of analogical sentence

        累积证据 cumulative evidence

        立案报告 place a case on file

        立案管辖 functional jurisdiction

        立案决定书 written decision of case-filing

        立案侦查 report of placing a case on file

        利害关系人 interested party

        临时裁决书 interim award

        律师见证书 lawyer's written attestation; lawyer's written authentication

        律师事务所 law office; law firm

        律师提前介入 prior intervention by lawyer

        免于刑事处分 exemption from criminal penalty

        民事案件 civil case

        民事审判庭 civil tribunal

        民事诉讼 civil action

        民事诉讼法 Civil Procedural Law

        扭送 seize and deliver a suspect to the police

        派出法庭 detached tribunal

        派出所 police station

        判决 judgement; determination

        判决书 judgement; determination; verdict (指陪审团作出的)

        旁证 circumstantial evidence

        陪审员 juror

        批准逮捕 approval of arrest

        破案 clear up a criminal case; solve a criminal case

        破产 bankruptcy; insolvency

        普通程序 general/ordinary procedure

        普通管辖 general jurisdiction

        企业法人破产还债程序 procedure of bankruptcy and liquidation of a business corporation

        起诉 filing of a lawsuit

        起诉 sue; litigate; prosecute; institution of proceedings

        起诉状 indictment; information

        区县检察院 grassroots People's Procuratorate

        取保候审 the bail pending trial with restricted liberty of moving

        缺席判决 default judgement

        人民调解委员会 People's Mediation Committee

        认定财产无主案件 cases concerning determination of property as qwnerless

        认定公民无民事行为能力、限制民事行为能力案件cases concerning determination of a citizen as incompetent or with limited disposing capacity

        上诉 appeal

        上诉人 appellant

        上诉状 petition for appeal

        少管所 juvenile prison

        社会治安综合治理 comprehensive treatment of social security

        涉外案件 cases involving foreign interests

        涉外民事诉讼 foreign civil proceedings

        涉外刑事诉讼 foreign criminal proceedings

        申请人 applicant; petitioner

        申请书 petition; application for arbitration

        申请执行人 execution applicant

        申诉人宣誓书 claimant's affidavit of authenticity

        申诉书 appeal for revision; petition for revision

        神示证据制度 system of divinity evidence

        神示制度 ordeal system

        审查案件 case review

        审查并决定逮捕 examine and decide arrest

        审查起诉阶段 stage of review and prosecution

        审理通知书 notice of hearing

        审判长 presiding judge

        审判长宣布开庭 presiding judge announce court in session

        审判管辖 adjudgement/trial jurisdiction

        审判监督程序 procedure for trial supervision

        审判委员会 judicial committee

        审判员 judge

        审问式诉讼 inquisitional proceedings

        生效判决裁定 legally effective judgement/order

        胜诉方 winning party

        省市自治区检察院 higher People's Procuratorate

        失踪和死亡宣告 declaration of disappearance and death

        实(质)体证据 substantial evidence

        实物证据 tangible evidence

        实在证据 real evidence

        示意证据 demonstrative evidence

        视听证据 audio-visual evidence

        收容所 collecting post; safe retreat

        首席大法官 chief justice

        首席检察官 chief procurator

        受害人的近亲属 victim's immediate family

        受理 acceptance

        受理刑事案件审批表 registration form of acceptance of criminal case

        受送达人 the addressee

        书记员 court clerk

        书记员宣读法庭纪律 court clerk reads court rules

        书证 documentary evidence

        司法部 Ministry of Justice

        司法机关 judicial organizatons

        司法警察 judicial police

        司法局 judicial bureau

        司法厅 judicial bureau at the levels of provinces, autonomous regions, and cities under direct jurisdiction of central government

        司法协助 judicial assistance

        死缓的复核 judicial review of death sentence with a retrieve

        死刑复核程序 procedure for judicial review of death sentence

        死刑复核权 competence for judicial review of death sentence

        送达 service of process

        送达传票 service of summons/subpoena

        送达诉状 service of bill of complaint

        搜查 search

        诉 sue; suit; action; lawsuit

        诉前财产保全 property attachment prior to lawsuit

        诉讼 litigation; lawsuit; sue; action

        诉讼保全 attachment

        诉讼参加人 litigious participants

        诉讼代理人 agent ad litem

        诉状 complaint; bill of complaint; state of claim

        特别程序 special procedures

        提起公诉 institute a public prosecution

        铁路法院 railway court

        铁路检察院 railroad transport procuratorate

        庭审程序 procedure of court trial

        通缉 wanted for arrest

        投案 appearance

        退回补充侦查 return of a case for supplementary investigation

        委托辩护 entrusted defense

        未成年人法庭 juvenile court

        无行政职务的法官 associate judge

        无正当理由拒不到庭 refuse to appear in court without due cause

        无罪判决 acquittal, finding of “ not guilty ”

        物证 material evidence

        先予执行申请书 application for advanced execution

        先予执行 advanced execution

        刑事案件 criminal case

        刑事拘留 criminal detention

        刑事强制拘留 criminal coercive/compulsory measures

        刑事审判庭 criminal tribunal

        刑事诉讼 criminal proceedings

        刑事诉讼法 Criminal Procedural Law

        刑事自诉状 self-incriminating criminal complaint

        行政案件 administrative case

        行政审判庭 administrative tribunal

        行政诉讼 administrative proceedings

        行政诉讼法 Administrative Procedural Law

        宣告失踪、宣告死亡案件 cases concerning the declaration of disappearance and death

        宣判笔录 record of rendition of judgement

        选民资格案件 cases concerning qualifications of voters

        询问证人 inquire/question a witness

        训诫 reprimand

        讯问笔录 record of interrogation

        询问犯罪嫌疑人 interrogate criminal suspect

        言词证据 verbal evidence

        要求传唤证人申请书 application for subpoena

        一裁终局 arbitration award shall be final and binding

        一审 trial of first instance

        一审案件 case of trial of first instance

        应诉通知书 notice of respondence to action

        有罪判决 sentence; finding of “guilty”

        予审 preliminary examinantion; pretrial

        原告 plaintiff

        院长 court president

        阅卷笔录 record of file review (by lawyers)

        再审案件 case of retrial

        再审申请书 petition for retrial

        责令具结悔过 order to sign a statement of repentance

        债权人会议 creditors' meeting

        侦查阶段 investigation stage

        侦查终结 conclusion of investigation

        征询原、被告最后意见 consulting final opinion of the plaintiff and defendant

        证据 evidence

        证据保全 preserve evidence

        证据保全申请书 application for evidence preservation

        证人证言 testimony of witness; affidavit

        支付令 payment order/warrant

        知识产权庭 intellectual property tribunal

        执行程序 procedure execution

        执行逮捕 execution of arrest

        执行和解 conciliation of execution

        执行回转 recovery of execution

        执行庭 executive tribunal

        执行异议 objection to execution

        执行员 executor

        执行中止 discontinuance of execution

        执行终结 conclusion of execution

        指定辩护 appointed defense

        指定仲裁员声明 statement of appointing arbitrator

        中级人民法院 intermediate People's Court

        中途退庭 retreat during court session without permission

        仲裁 arbitration

        仲裁被诉人 respondent; defendant

        仲裁裁决 award

        仲裁申请书 arbitration

        仲裁申诉人 claimant; plaintiff

        仲裁庭 arbitration tribunal

        仲裁委员会 arbitration committee

        仲裁协议 arbitration agreement; clauses of arbitration

        仲裁员 arbitrator

        主诉检察官 principal procurator

        助理检察官 assistant procurator

        助理审判员 assistant judge

        专门法院 special court

        专门管辖 specific jurisdiction

        专属管辖 exclusive jurisdiction

        追究刑事责任 investigate for criminal responsibility

        自首 confession to justice

        自诉案件 private-prosecuting case

        自行辩护 self-defense

        自由心证制度 doctrine of discretional evaluation of evidence

        自侦案件 self-investigating case

        最高人民法院 the Supreme People's Court

        最高人民检察院 the Supreme People's Procuratorate

        最后裁决书 final award

      (责任编辑:何莹莹)

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